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Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Body Appearance

Author: Dr. Subrahmanyam Karuturi, MD

 

Diagnostic PointersDiagnosisAssociated Cardiac Diagnosis
Dwarfism, polydactylyEllis-van-Creveld SyndromeASD, Common Atrium
Morbid Obesity, SomnolenceObstructive Sleep ApneaPulmonary Hypertension, Cor pulmonale, Hypoventilation
Straight lower backAnkylosing SpondylitisAortic Regurgitation, Complete Heart Block
Hammer toes, pes cavusFriedreich's AtaxiaHypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Angina, Sick Sinus Syndrome
Overweight, mesomorphic, balding, hairy, tense middle aged patient Coronary Artery Disease
Truncal Obesity, thin extremities, moon face, buffalo humpCushing's SyndromeHypertension
Tall stature, thick extremitiesAcromegalyHypertension, Cardiomyopathy, Conduction Defects
Short stature, webbed neck, low hairline, wide-set nipples, small chin, sexual infantilismTurner's SyndromeCoarctation of Aorta, Valvular Pulmonic Stenosis
Anasarca Congestive Heart Failure
Struggling, anguished, frightened, orhtopneic, diaphoretic look Pulmonary Edema
Tall stature, long extremitiesKlinefelter's SyndromeASD or VSD, PDA, TOF
Long extremities, kyphoscoliosis, pectus carinatumHomocystinuriaArterial and Venous Thrombosis
Tall stature, long extremities with arm span exceeding patient's height, sparse subcutaneous fatMarfan's SyndromeMitral Valve Prolapse, Aortic Dilation, Aortic Dissection

 

Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology
 

Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Face Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Extremities
Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Eyes Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Body Appearance
Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Skin Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Gestures
Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Thorax Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Gait
Diagnostic Pointers in Cardiology - Abdomen Back to Cardiac Physical Diagnosis Index